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European Perspectives on the Creative Content Sector EPIS06

In addressing the need expressed by DG INFSO over a foresight-based intelligence building, IPTS proposed researching European Perspectives on the Information Society (EPIS). The aim of this multi-project activity is to develop a foresight exercise investigating the potential evolution of technology, innovation and business with a focus on ICT and identifying potential disruptions for the coming decade.

EPIS will attempt to provide a prospective view on the potential evolution of technologies and applications in relation to ICT. It will achieve this by assessing future technological trends and challenges relevant to ICT in this area, both from the supply and demand side and at technological and market/application levels. The project will also focus on potential disruptions in this area. It will aim at highlighting hot issues, identifying fast emerging, important technological and business topics in order to draw the attention of policy makers on unexpected trends and major changes, which may happen in the coming years.   Besides its view on the general development of ICT, EPIS is focusing on certain thematic sectors. For the first year of EPIS the creative content sector has been chosen as the focal theme of investigation.

The EPIS study is structured into the following main tasks: (1) Developing an observatory of trends in technology and business evolutions of ICT, (2) running European foresight exercises on the Creative Content sector and (3) to derive policy-oriented recommendations for DG INFSO / IST Advisory Group.

Status

Completed project (11/2006-01/2008)

Client

European Commission, Joint Research Centers, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS)

Partners

  • ARC system research GmbH
  • AT Research Center Karlsruhe
  • Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis DE University of Sussex
  • Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU), UK

Publication

Official deliverables

  • Friedewald, Michael, Jürgen  von Oertzen, and Kerstin Cuhls, „European Perspectives on the Information Society: Delphi Report“, EPIS Deliverable 2.3.1, European Techno-Economic Policy Support Network (ETEPS), 2007. http://epis.jrc.es/documents/Deliverables/EPIS%202-3-1%20Delphi%20Report.pdf
  • Dachs, Bernhard, and K. Matthias Weber, „ICT and the Offshoring of Services“, in Ioannis Maghiros, Fabienne Abadie, and Corina Pascu (eds.), European Perspectives on the Information Society: Annual Monitoring Synthesis and Emerging Trend Updates, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2008, pp. 193-236.
  • Friedewald, Michael, Clemens Cremer, and K. Matthias Weber, „The Role of ICTs as Enabler for Energy Efficiency“, in Ioannis Maghiros, Fabienne Abadie, and Corina Pascu (eds.), European Perspectives on the Information Society: Annual Monitoring Synthesis and Emerging Trend Updates, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2008, pp. 237-267.
  • Friedewald, Michael, Ralf Lindner, and K. Matthias Weber, „ICT tools and services in intelligent domestic and personal environments“, in Ioannis Maghiros, Fabienne Abadie, and Corina Pascu (eds.), European Perspectives on the Information Society: Annual Monitoring Synthesis and Emerging Trend Updates, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2008, pp. 269-297.
  • Maghiros, Ioannis, Fabienne Abadie, and Corina Pascu (eds.), European Perspectives on the Information Society: Annual Monitoring Synthesis and Emerging Trend Updates, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2008.
  • Mateos-Garcia, Juan, Aldo Geuna, and W. Edward Steinmueller, „The State of The Art of The Creative Content Industries in Europe“, EPIS Deliverable 2.2.1, European Techno-Economic Policy Support Network (ETEPS), 2007. http://epis.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
  • Mateos-Garcia, Juan, Aldo Geuna, W. Edward Steinmueller, and Georgina S. Voss, „Market Demand Issues and their Impact on ICT innovation in the European Creative Content Sector“, EPIS Deliverable 2.2.3, European Techno-Economic Policy Support Network (ETEPS), 2007. http://epis.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
  • Mateos-Garcia, Juan, W. Edward Steinmueller, and Aldo Geuna, „The Impact of ICT Innovations on the Future of the European Creative Content Sector“, EPIS Deliverable 2.2.2, European Techno-Economic Policy Support Network (ETEPS), 2007. http://epis.jrc.ec.europa.eu
  • Friedewald, Michael, Matthias Weber, Juan Mateos-Garcia, Aldo Geuna, W. Edward Steinmueller, Michael Rader, Knud Böhle, Gill Ringland, Jan Bierhoff, Ioannis Maghiros, Fabienne Abadie, and Corina Pascu, „The Creative Content Sector:  Scenarios for the future & policy implications“, Unpublished EPIS Deliverable 2.4, European Commission, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies, Seville, 2008.

Articles

  • Abadie, Fabienne, Michael Friedewald, and K. Matthias Weber, „Adaptive Foresight in the Creative Content Industries: Anticipating Value Chain Transformations and Need for Policy Action“, in Xabier Goenaga Beldarrain, Paul Desruelle, Timo-Topias Totti Könnölä, Cristiano Cagnin, and Karel Hagemann (eds.), The 3rd International Seville Conference on Future-Oriented Technology Analysis. Impacts and Implications for Policy and Decision Making. Book of Abstracts, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2008, pp. 145-146.
  • Abadie, Fabienne, Michael Friedewald, and K. Matthias Weber, „Adaptive foresight in the creative content industries: anticipating value chain transformations and need for policy action“, Science and public policy, Vol. 37, No. 1, 2010, pp. 19-30.

SWAMI Safeguards in a World of Ambient Intelligence

This project aimed to identify and analyse the social, economic, legal, technological and ethical issues related to identify, privacy and security in Ambient Intelligence (AmI). The partners reviewed existing AmI projects, studies, scenarios and roadmaps to ensure that the SWAMI project captures, as far as possible, the major trends and issues. The partners composed “dark” scenarios, the aim of which was to expose key socio-economic, legal, technological and ethical risks and vulnerabilities related to issues such as identity, privacy and security that may emerge from the deployment of AmI technologies and services, many if not most of which invisible to the public. The partners defined and studied various research and policy options, which could serve as safeguards and privacy-enhancing mechanisms. The aim was to identify mechanisms, which ensure user control, user acceptance and enforceability of policy in an accessible manner, as well as to ensure that all Europeans have real equal rights and opportunities of accessibility to the Ambient Intelligence space. The partners sought to validate their findings through two workshops with other AmI and IST experts before presenting the options to the Commission in a final report. Project results were disseminated widely and continuously throughout the project and were presented at a final, high-level conference.

Status

Completed Project (02/2005 – 07/2006)

Client

6th Framework Programme; European Commission, DG Information Society, Unit H3

Partners

  • Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS), Joint Research Center, European Commission, Seville
  • Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Research Group on Law, Science, Technology & Society, Brussels
  • Technology & Society, Brussels
  • Technical Research Centre of Finland, VTT, Oulu
  • Trilateral Research & Consultancy, London

Publications

Book

  • Wright, David, Serge Gutwirth, Michael Friedewald, Elena Vildjiounaite, and Yves Punie, Safeguards in a World of Ambient Intelligence, Springer, Dordrecht, 2008.

Articles and conference papers

  • Friedewald, Michael, „Safeguards in a World of Ambient Intelligence: Outline of a research agenda on the European Level“, in Dieter Hutter, and Markus Ullmann (eds.), Security in Pervasive Computing. Proceedings of the second International Conference, SPC 2005, Boppard, Germany, April 6-8, 2005, Springer, Heidelberg, Berlin, 2005, pp. 63-69.
  • Maghiros, Ioannis, Yves Punie, Sabine Delaitre, Paul de Hert, Serge Gutwirth, Wim Schreurs, Anna Agata Moscibroda, Michael Friedewald, Ralf Lindner, David Wright, Elena Vildjiounaite, and Petteri Alahuhta, „Safeguards in a World of Ambient Intelligence“, in Achilles D. Kameas, and Dimitris Papalexopoulos (eds.), Proceedings of the 2nd IET International Conference on Intelligent Environments (IE 06), 5-6 July 2006, Athens, IET Press, Stevenage, 2006, pp. 245-250.
  • Vildjiounaite, Elena, Petteri Alahuhta, Pasi Ahonen, David Wright, and Michael Friedewald, „Design Guidelines for Analysis and Safeguarding of Privacy Threats in Ubicomp Applications“, in Soraya Kouadri Mostéfaoui, Zakaria Maamar, and George M. Giaglis (eds.), Ubiquitous Computing, Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Ubiquitous Computing, IWUC 2006, In conjunction with ICEIS 2006, Paphos, Cyprus, May 2006., INSTICC Press, Setúbal, Portugal, 2006, pp. 49-61.
  • Friedewald, Michael, and Ralf Lindner, „Datenschutz, Privatsphäre und Identität in intelligenten Umgebungen: Eine Szenarioanalyse“, in Friedemann Mattern (ed.), Die Informatisierung des Alltags: Leben in smarten Umgebungen, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 2007, pp. 207-231.
  • Friedewald, Michael, and Ralf Lindner, „Ubiquitous Computing: Herausforderungen für Datenschutz und Datensicherheit“, Der Datenschutz-Berater, Vol. 31, No. 2, 2007, pp. 8-10.
  • Friedewald, Michael, Elena Vildjiounaite, Yves Punie, and David Wright, „Privacy, Identity, and Security in Ambient Intelligence: A Scenario Analysis“, Telematics and Informatics, Vol. 24, No. 1, 2007, pp. 15-29.
  • Lindner, Ralf, and Michael Friedewald, „Gesellschaftliche Herausforderung durch intelligente Umgebungen: Dunkle Szenarien als TA-Werkzeug“, ITA manu:script ITA-07-07, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, 2007.
  • Wright, David, Serge Gutwirth, and Michael Friedewald, „Shining Light on the Dark Side of Ambient Intelligence“, Foresight: The Journal of Future Studies, Strategic Thinking and Policy, Vol. 9, No. 2, 2007, pp. 46-59. http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?articleid=1602580&show=abstract
  • Wright, David, „Alternative futures: AmI scenarios and Minority Report“, Futures, Vol. 40, 2008, pp. 473–488.
  • Friedewald, Michael, and Ralf Lindner, „Gesellschaftliche Herausforderung durch intelligente Umgebungen“, Technikfolgenabschätzung – Theorie und Praxis, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2008, pp. 78-83.
  • Wright, David, Michael Friedewald, Wim Schreurs, Michiel Verlinden, Serge Gutwirth, Yves Punie, Ioannis Maghiros, Elena Vildjiounaite, and Petteri Alahuhta, „The illusion of security“, Communications of the ACM, Vol. 51, No. 3, 2008, pp. 56-63.
  • de Hert, Paul, Serge Gutwirth, Anna Moscibroda, David Wright, and Gloria Gonzalez-Fuster, „Legal Safeguards for Privacy and Data Protection in Ambient Intelligence“, Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, Vol. 13, No. 6, 2009, pp. 435-444.
  • Wright, David, „Constructing Dark Scenarios for Privacy Policy Formulation“, in Susanne Giesecke, Patrick Crehan, and Stephan Elkins (eds.), The European Foresight Monitoring Network: Collection of EFMN Briefs, Part 2, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities Luxembourg, 2009, pp. 106-107.

Official Deliverables

AmI@Life – Roadmapping Ambient Intelligence in Everyday Life

The concept of Ambient Intelligence (AmI) provides a vision of the Information Society where the emphasis is on user-friendliness, efficient and distributed services support, user-empowerment, and support for human interactions. People are surrounded by intelligent intuitive interfaces that are embedded in all kinds of objects and an environment that is capable of recognizing and responding to the presence of different individuals in a seamless, unobtrusive and often invisible way. This vision of AmI places the user at the centre of future development. Technologies will be designed for people rather than making people adapt to technologies.

The objective of this roadmapping project was to understand how different Ambient Intelligence technologies might affect digital divides and to depict scenarios that enable us to think about them in a dynamic, flexible and prospective way. It was therefore not the aim to provide concrete solutions to digital divide problems. It was neither only about technologies that are user-friendly. The project rather raised the potential of full IST integration in our everyday lives, taking into account the key socio-cultural, economical and technological issues affecting trusted and universal access to AmI@Life.

Status

Completed project (2002-2003)

Client

  • 5th Framework Programme
  • European Commission, Institute for Prospective Technology Studies (IPTS)
  • European Science and Technology Obersatory (ESTO)

Partners

  • TNO-STB, Delft, NL
  • VTT Electronics, VTT Building and Transport, Oulu, FIN
  • Fondazione Rosselli, Milan, IT
  • ENEA, Rome, IT

Publications

  • Friedewald, Michael, and Olivier Da Costa, „Science and Technology Roadmapping: Ambient Intelligence in Everyday Life (AmI@Life)“, Institute for Prospective Technology Studies, Seville, 2003.
  • Da Costa, Olivier, Mark Boden, and Michael Friedewald, „Science and Technology Roadmapping for Policy Intelligence: Lessons for Future Projects“, in Martin Potůček, and Barbara Slintáková (eds.), The Second Prague Workshop on Futures Studies Methodology, CESES FSV UK, Prague, 2005, pp. 146-161.
  • Friedewald, Michael, Olivier Da Costa, Yves Punie, Petteri Alahuhta, and Sirkka Heinonen, „Perspectives of Ambient Intelligence in the Home Environment“, Telematics and Informatics, Vol. 22, No. 3, 2005, pp. 221-238.
  • Da Costa, Olivier, and Michael Friedewald, „Ambient Intelligence 2020“, in Susanne Giesecke, Patrick Crehan, and Stephan Elkins (eds.), The European Foresight Monitoring Network: Collection of EFMN Briefs, Part 1, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities Luxembourg, 2008, pp. 343-345.