Skip to main content

Economic and social Impact of software and software based services

While many efforts have been made in recent years to measure the ICT (Information and Communication Technology) industry in its usage and its economic and social contribution at the national or European level, little light has been shed on the software industry in itself. This is surprising considering the fact that software and software based services are key enablers for growth and employment. As part of the possible definition of an European Software Strategy that aims at supporting the competitiveness of European software and software based services industry the Directorate-General Information Society and Media of the European Commission has launched this study.

Objectives

The objectives were

  • Evaluate the potential economic and social contribution of the EU Software and Software-based Services (SSBS) industry in Europe in the context of the emerging Internet of Services (IoS),
  • Identify the elements that are determinant for its growth and competitiveness and the main market trends,
  • Identify current barriers to the competitiveness of the EU SSBS in the context of the IoS and actions needed to remove those barriers,
  • Assess the economic and social impact of the EU SSBS industry in the context of the IoS in Europe of different policy actions to improve its competitiveness
  • Provide policy recommendations to foster market and business development at European level.

Status

Finished (April 2009 – Juli 2010)

Clients

European Commission DG Information Society and Media

Partners

  • Pierre Audoin Consultants (PAC), France
  • IDATE, France
  • London Economics, Great Britain

 Publications

Official Deliverables

Articles

  • Leimbach, Timo, and Michael Friedewald, “Assessing National Policies to Support Software in Europe”, Info: The journal of policy, regulation and strategy, Vol. 12, No. 6, 2010, pp. 40 – 55.

Privacy and Trust in the Ubiquitous Information Society

The overall objective of the study was to provide information helping to develop and assess policy options on EU level in order to address existing or emerging challenges to effective data protection, privacy and trust resulting from the development towards the ubiquitous information society. The study provides information on the following aspects:

  • Overview and analysis of existing research and publications on possible effects of more ambient ICT use on privacy and trust,
  • Identification of challenges for privacy and data protection and for trust and confidence,
  • Description and assessment of possible responses,
  • Options for a policy response on EU level,

The study provides input for the development of a set of EU level measures responding to the challenges raised with respect to privacy and trust in the ubiquitous information society, based on an assessment of all available instruments: social dialogue, fostering technical development, international cooperation and ensuring a regulatory framework enabling citizens, businesses and public entities to achieve the maximum of the potential benefits.

Status

Completed project (01/2008 – 12/2008)

Client

European Commission, DG Information Society and Media, Unit B1

Partners

  • Trilateral Research and Consulting London, UK
  • Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich, CH
  • Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Research group on Law Science Technology & Society, BE

Publications

Official Deliverables

Friedewald, Michael, David Wright, Serge Gutwirth, Paul De Hert, Marc Langheinrich, Antje Dietrich, Andreas Salzmann, Anna Moscibroda, Gloria González Fuster, Katja Devries, Wim Schreurs, and Niels Van Dijk, “Privacy and Trust in the Ubiquitous Information Society: An annotated bibliography re privacy, trust and the Ubiquitous Information Society”, Inception Report (Deliverable 1) Fraunhofer ISI, Karlsruhe, 2008.

Friedewald, Michael, David Wright, Serge Gutwirth, Paul De Hert, Marc Langheinrich, Timo Leimbach, Gloria González Fuster, and Ion Iulia, “Privacy and Trust in the Ubiquitous Information Society: Analysis of the impact of convergent and pervasive ICT on privacy and data protection and needs and options for development of the legal framework”, Final Report for the European Commission Fraunhofer ISI, Karlsruhe, 2009. https://bookshop.europa.eu/en/privacy-and-trust-in-the-ubiquitous-information-society-pbKK0414601/

Articles

Wright, David, Serge Gutwirth, Michael Friedewald, Paul De Hert, Marc Langheinrich, and Anna Moscibroda, “Privacy, Trust and Policy-Making: Challenges and Responses”, Computer Law & Security Report, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2009, pp. 69-83.

 

European Perspectives on the Creative Content Sector EPIS06

In addressing the need expressed by DG INFSO over a foresight-based intelligence building, IPTS proposed researching European Perspectives on the Information Society (EPIS). The aim of this multi-project activity is to develop a foresight exercise investigating the potential evolution of technology, innovation and business with a focus on ICT and identifying potential disruptions for the coming decade.

EPIS will attempt to provide a prospective view on the potential evolution of technologies and applications in relation to ICT. It will achieve this by assessing future technological trends and challenges relevant to ICT in this area, both from the supply and demand side and at technological and market/application levels. The project will also focus on potential disruptions in this area. It will aim at highlighting hot issues, identifying fast emerging, important technological and business topics in order to draw the attention of policy makers on unexpected trends and major changes, which may happen in the coming years.   Besides its view on the general development of ICT, EPIS is focusing on certain thematic sectors. For the first year of EPIS the creative content sector has been chosen as the focal theme of investigation.

The EPIS study is structured into the following main tasks: (1) Developing an observatory of trends in technology and business evolutions of ICT, (2) running European foresight exercises on the Creative Content sector and (3) to derive policy-oriented recommendations for DG INFSO / IST Advisory Group.

Status

Completed project (11/2006-01/2008)

Client

European Commission, Joint Research Centers, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS)

Partners

  • ARC system research GmbH
  • AT Research Center Karlsruhe
  • Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis DE University of Sussex
  • Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU), UK

Publication

Official deliverables

  • Friedewald, Michael, Jürgen  von Oertzen, and Kerstin Cuhls, “European Perspectives on the Information Society: Delphi Report”, EPIS Deliverable 2.3.1, European Techno-Economic Policy Support Network (ETEPS), 2007. http://epis.jrc.es/documents/Deliverables/EPIS%202-3-1%20Delphi%20Report.pdf
  • Dachs, Bernhard, and K. Matthias Weber, “ICT and the Offshoring of Services”, in Ioannis Maghiros, Fabienne Abadie, and Corina Pascu (eds.), European Perspectives on the Information Society: Annual Monitoring Synthesis and Emerging Trend Updates, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2008, pp. 193-236.
  • Friedewald, Michael, Clemens Cremer, and K. Matthias Weber, “The Role of ICTs as Enabler for Energy Efficiency”, in Ioannis Maghiros, Fabienne Abadie, and Corina Pascu (eds.), European Perspectives on the Information Society: Annual Monitoring Synthesis and Emerging Trend Updates, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2008, pp. 237-267.
  • Friedewald, Michael, Ralf Lindner, and K. Matthias Weber, “ICT tools and services in intelligent domestic and personal environments”, in Ioannis Maghiros, Fabienne Abadie, and Corina Pascu (eds.), European Perspectives on the Information Society: Annual Monitoring Synthesis and Emerging Trend Updates, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2008, pp. 269-297.
  • Maghiros, Ioannis, Fabienne Abadie, and Corina Pascu (eds.), European Perspectives on the Information Society: Annual Monitoring Synthesis and Emerging Trend Updates, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2008.
  • Mateos-Garcia, Juan, Aldo Geuna, and W. Edward Steinmueller, “The State of The Art of The Creative Content Industries in Europe”, EPIS Deliverable 2.2.1, European Techno-Economic Policy Support Network (ETEPS), 2007. http://epis.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
  • Mateos-Garcia, Juan, Aldo Geuna, W. Edward Steinmueller, and Georgina S. Voss, “Market Demand Issues and their Impact on ICT innovation in the European Creative Content Sector”, EPIS Deliverable 2.2.3, European Techno-Economic Policy Support Network (ETEPS), 2007. http://epis.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
  • Mateos-Garcia, Juan, W. Edward Steinmueller, and Aldo Geuna, “The Impact of ICT Innovations on the Future of the European Creative Content Sector”, EPIS Deliverable 2.2.2, European Techno-Economic Policy Support Network (ETEPS), 2007. http://epis.jrc.ec.europa.eu
  • Friedewald, Michael, Matthias Weber, Juan Mateos-Garcia, Aldo Geuna, W. Edward Steinmueller, Michael Rader, Knud Böhle, Gill Ringland, Jan Bierhoff, Ioannis Maghiros, Fabienne Abadie, and Corina Pascu, “The Creative Content Sector:  Scenarios for the future & policy implications”, Unpublished EPIS Deliverable 2.4, European Commission, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies, Seville, 2008.

Articles

  • Abadie, Fabienne, Michael Friedewald, and K. Matthias Weber, “Adaptive Foresight in the Creative Content Industries: Anticipating Value Chain Transformations and Need for Policy Action”, in Xabier Goenaga Beldarrain, Paul Desruelle, Timo-Topias Totti Könnölä, Cristiano Cagnin, and Karel Hagemann (eds.), The 3rd International Seville Conference on Future-Oriented Technology Analysis. Impacts and Implications for Policy and Decision Making. Book of Abstracts, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2008, pp. 145-146.
  • Abadie, Fabienne, Michael Friedewald, and K. Matthias Weber, “Adaptive foresight in the creative content industries: anticipating value chain transformations and need for policy action”, Science and public policy, Vol. 37, No. 1, 2010, pp. 19-30.

CONTECS CONverging TEChnologies and their impact on the Social sciences and humanities

This project addresses the potential roles that the social sciences and humanities (SSH) can play with regard to the phenomenon of technological convergence (between Nano-, Bio-, Information technologies, Cognitive sciences and Social sciences and Humanities), its shaping and ethical and societal implications.

In an integrated and systemic approach the project explores the major ethical and societal questions raised by technological development in the field of converging technologies (CT) and the ways in which these can be addressed by the Social Sciences and Humanities. In the context of imminent transformations to a European knowledge-based society, these questions present key opportunities and challenges which the research community needs to be prepared to face. This research project will build on a review and monitoring of technological developments in the CTs and relevant global RTD policy trends, at the same time analysing their possible implications for contributions by the SSH.

The project will further analyse how and to what extent the SSH can contribute to the shaping of science and technology. The final aim is to raise awareness of Converging Technology issues throughout the SSH community and to develop options for a research agenda to be implemented in the SSH priority of the 7th Framework Program. The emergence of the knowledge-based society will entail new forms of relationships between its citizens on the one hand, and between its citizens and institutions on the other hand. The project aims to mobilise European research capacities in SSH that are necessary to develop an understanding of and to address issues related to this critical phenomenon.

Status

Completed (02/2006 – 01/2008)

Client

6th Framework Programme, European Commission, DG Research, Directorate K

Partners

  • Research Centre Karlsruhe, Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS)
  • University Oxford, Saïd Business School
  • L’Institut de l’Ecole normale supérieure

Publications

Articles and book chapters

  • Rader, Michael, “CONverging TECnologies and their impact on the Social sciences and humanities (CONTECS)”, Technikfolgenabschätzung – Theorie und Praxis, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2006, pp. 139.
  • Coenen, Christopher, “Converging Technologies – Promises and Challenges”, Technikfolgenabschätzung – Theorie und Praxis, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2006, pp. 110-114.
  • Quendt, Christiane, Torsten Fleischer, and Michael Rader, “Converging Technologies als Gegenstand internationaler forschungspolitischer Debatten – Beoachtungen, Analysen, Probleme”, Paper presented at: Technology Assessment in World Society: NTA2 – Second conference of the “TA Network”, Berlin, 2006.
  • Beckert, Bernd, Clemens Blümel, and Michael Friedewald, “Visions and Realities in Converging Technologies: Exploring the technology base for convergence”, Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research, Vol. 20, No. 4, 2007, pp. 375-394.
  • Coenen, Christopher, “Utopian Aspects of the Debate on Converging Technologies”, in Gerhard Banse, Imre  Hronszky, and G.  Nelson (eds.), Converging Technologies. Promises and Challenges, Sigma, Berlin, 2007.
  • Coenen, Christopher, “Konvergierende Technologien und Wissenschaften. Der Stand der Debatte und politischen Aktivitäten zu »Converging Technologies«”, Hintergrundpapier 16, Büro für Technikfolgen-Abschätzung beim Deutschen Bundestag, Berlin, 2008.
  • Fleischer, Torsten, Christiane Quendt, and Michael Rader, “Converging Technologies und die Sozial- und Geisteswissenschaften: Ergebnisse und Erfahrungen aus einem EU-Projekt”, Technikfolgenabschätzung – Theorie und Praxis, Vol. 17, No. 2, 2008, pp. 74-77.
  • Beckert, Bernd, Clemens Blümel, and Michael Friedewald, “Kje danes prihaja do tehnološke konvergence? Identifikacija področij interdisciplinarnih zahtev in vplivov na znastveni in technološki razvoj”, Casopis za kritiko znanosti, domišljijo in antropologijo (Journal for the Criticism of Science, Imagination and New Anthropology), Vol. 37, No. 237, 2009, pp. 43-55.

Official deliverables

  • Andler, Daniel, and Vincent Pargade, “Converging technologies and their impact on the social sciences and humanities (CONTECS). Cognitive science within Convergence: A first attempt at delineating the field in Europe”, Deliverable D1.1 – Part B, Fraunhofer ISI, Karlsruhe, 2006.
  • Woolgar, Steve, “Converging technologies and their impact on the social sciences and humanities (CONTECS). Visions and Discourse in Converging Technologies: a background report”, Deliverable D1.2, University Oxford, Said Business School, Oxford, 2006.
  • Rader, Michael, Christopher Coenen, Torsten Fleischer, Beate-Josefine Luber, and Christiane Quendt, “Converging technologies and their impact on the social sciences and humanities (CONTECS): Current trends in RTD policy on Converging Technologies “, Deliverable D1.3, Research Center Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, 2006.
  • Andler, Daniel, and Simon Barthelmé, “Converging technologies and their impact on the social sciences and humanities (CONTECS). Cognitive science within Convergence: Key issues in the European Context”, Deliverable D3.1 – Part B, Institut de l’École normale supérieure, Paris, 2007.
  • Beckert, Bernd, Clemens Blümel, Michael Friedewald, and Axel Thielmann, “Converging technologies and their impact on the social sciences and humanities (CONTECS): R&D Trends in Converging Technologies “, Deliverable D3.1 – Part A, Fraunhofer ISI, Karlsruhe, 2007.
  • Woolgar, Steve, Christopher Coenen, and Elena Simakova, “Converging technologies and their impact on the social sciences and humanities (CONTECS). The Ontological Politics of Convergence”, Deliverable D3.2, University Oxford, Said Business School, Oxford, 2007.
  • Rader, Michael, Christopher Coenen, Torsten Fleischer, Beate-Josefine Luber, and Christiane Quendt, “Converging technologies and their impact on the social sciences and humanities (CONTECS): Current trends in RTD policy on Converging Technologies “, Deliverable D3.3, Research Center Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, 2007.
  • Andler, Daniel, Simon Barthelmé, Bernd Beckert, Clemens Blümel, Christopher Coenen, Torsten Fleischer, Michael Friedewald, Christiane Quendt, Michael Rader, Elena Simakova, and Steve Woolgar, “Converging technologies and their impact on the social sciences and humanities (CONTECS): An Analysis of critical issues and a suggestion for a future research agenda”, Final Report 2008.

Study on the Trends in European Public and Private Investments in ICT R&D and on the Globalisation of R&D and the Competitiveness of the European Innovation System in ICT (REDICT)

The study contributes to the growing debate around key points of European ICT policy-making among which:

  • Which are the main policies and instruments used by the member states to attract foreign and retain domestic R&D activities in ICT industries?
  • Which of those policies and instruments resulted in a visible improvement of the capacity of national innovative systems to benefit from the development of global research networks?
  • How are the European resources in ICT R&D distributed and what are the main factors shaping the European profile in this respect?

The study aims at deepening the existing understanding of the R&D capacities building processes in ICT sectors, and on the relative competitive advantage for the location of these capacities at the regional, national and European levels. The study provides a significant basis for the ongoing and future discussions about the economic impact of the ICT sector both within the political debate in the different EU countries and on the level of EU politics itself.

As a part of the implementation of the Lisbon policy goals, and given the particular role of the ICT industries in the wider context of globalisation of R&D activities, DG INFSO expressed a need for a documented overview of the developments of R&D in ICT in the 25 EU member states and in Europe as a whole. At present, no systematic survey exists with regard to R&D in ICT investments. The study aims at contribution to these open questions.

Status

Finished project (12/2005 – 12/2007)

Client

European Commission, Joint Research Centers, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS)

Partners

  • Fraunhofer ISI (co-ordinator)
  • ARC system research GmbH, AT
  • Hungarian Academy of Sciences IE/HAS, HU
  • TNO Innovation Policy Group, NL

Publications

 

Basic Research and Innovative Science for Energy (BRISE)

Background

Since numerous radical technological changes brought about the energy technology revolutions of mid 19th century, technology in energy sector has experienced notable progresses but mainly as incremental improvements of well-established technological paradigms and not as radical changes in the basic schemes followed for the provision of energy services.

Solving short-term energy-related problems by fine-tuning existing technologies is not sufficient and may not work out in the future due to the exponential growth of energy demand. Since a stabilisation of this demand seems to be unrealistic, it is essential to analyse how energy progress could shift from incremental progress toward radical changes. For instance, high potential technologies like carbon-free electricity, bio-fuels or hydrogen/fuel cell might become radical technologies if they receive further developments from basic research discoveries.

The key idea of the project was based on the fact that purely incremental progress will not suffice to provide the knowledge and technologies needed to address the daunting challenges ahead of us in terms of availability and affordability of clean energy. Therefore a combination of breakthroughs in the provision and use of energy, tapping the potential of basic science, multidisciplinary approaches and cross-cutting technologies were required. However, lessons from various attempts made in Europe and outside seem to show that “science mining” to identify results or discoveries with application potential for energy does not automatically work. The idea was therefore to use a “reverse methodology” based on the identification of the main bottlenecks for which technologies breakthroughs are needed. For these bottlenecks possible solutions were determined offered by the area of fundamental science and basic research. With respect to the emerging technologies to be identified here we concentrated on nanotechnology, biotechnology and information and communication technology.

Objective

The goal of this study was to support the European Commission in developing a programme of basic research activities that stimulate major breakthroughs within the energy sector (energy primary sources and transformation). The specific objectives of this study  consist of the two following points:

  1. identify the major breakthroughs and potentials in the energy field (excluding nuclear);
  2. determine, through a multidisciplinary approach, what are the basic research needs to stimulate these breakthroughs.

This analysis provided relevant recommendations on basic research potentials that were used for the definition of priorities in energy research.

Method and approach

The work was built on the earlier project “ESTIR Energy Scientific & Technological Indicators and References”. The results of this project were revisited and adapted as an essential basis for the background documentation.

A first step was to extract the main issues with relevance to fundamental and basic research from the ESTIR project on the one hand and possible applicability to energy conversion processes on the on the other hand. In a second step the document (REF) that has been extracted from the results of the ESTIR project was complemented by additional information from other sources and expert views.

Based on this background elaborated in by desk research one workshops was held in order to validate and further develop the initial background document. The final result of the project was an approach to tap the potential of fundamental science for the research and development needs of the energy sector.

Status

Completed project (June 2006 – December 2007)

Client

European Commission, Joint Research Centers, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS)

Partners

  • GeorgiaTech, Technology Policy and Assessment Centre (TPAC)
  • BSR Sustainability GmbH

Publication

Official deliverables

  • Ragwitz, Mario, Michael Friedewald, Sibylle Gaisser, Axel Thielmann, Marilyn Brown, Susan Cozzens, and Felipe Andrés Toro, “Basic Research and Innovative Science for Energy”, BRISE Deliverable 5, European Techno-Economic Policy Support Network (ETEPS), Brussels, 2008.

Conference on safeguards in a world of ambient intelligence

EuroVillage Hotel, Brussels, 21-22 March 2006

Announcement

SWAMI (Safeguards in a World of AMbient Intelligence) team is organizing a conference on Safeguards in Ambient Intelligence, to be held in Brussels, 21-22 March 2006. The purpose of this conference is to explore policy options related to safeguards for privacy, security, trust, identity and digital divide.

While AmI enthusiasts foresee a future information society where the emphasis is on greater user-friendliness, more efficient services, user empowerment and support for human interactions, we know well that the adoption rate of ambient intelligence environments will depend on how secure it can be made, how privacy and other rights of individuals can be protected and how individuals can come to trust the intelligent world that surrounds them and through which they move. So policy options need be defined and put in place to facilitate the creation of AmI environments.

The SWAMI project aims to identify and analyse the social, economic, legal, technological and ethical issues related to identity, privacy and security in the forecasted but not yet deployed Ambient Intelligence (AmI) environment. The intention is thus to identify and propose adequate policy measures so as to help enhance the adoption of the technologies by the citizens.

The rate of adoption of AmI by citizens will depend on how secure it can be made, how privacy and other rights of individuals can be protected and how individuals can come to trust the intelligent world that surrounds them and through which they move. That, in a nutshell, is the aim of the conference.

Conference Programme

This programme includes agenda, abstracts of contributions and list of participants

 *** see final version (19/03/2006) ***

SWAMI Work Packages

Work package 1 (WP1) consists of a state of the art review of existing AmI projects, studies, scenarios and roadmaps.

Description

  1. To provide a state-of-the-art overview of the key social, legal, economic, technological and ethical implications with regard to identity, privacy and security of Ambient Intelligence as developed in existing scenario exercises, IST roadmaps and projects.
  2. To convene a workshop with selected AmI experts to validate the review and to identify the main factors for the scenario development.
    SWAMI First Workshop with external exports was held in Brussels, on 1 June 2005:
    See Workshop Background document.
    It is a preliminary analysis of scenarios and visions on AmI and contains also a first analysis of the legal framework related to AmI.
    See Workshop Minutes
    See Workshop Slides:

    1. Introduction to SWAMI and Objectives of Workshop – Michael Friedewald
    2. Review of Scenarios: the Analytical Framework – Elena Vildjiounaite & Petteri Alahuhta
    3. First Analysis of AmI Scenarios – Elena Vildjiounaite & Petteri Alahuhta
    4. Preparing for “dark” scenarios on AmI – Yves Punie & Ioannis Maghiros
    5. First results of the legal analysis – Serge Gutwirth, Wim Schreurs & Michiel Verlinden
    6. Threats in future AmI Applications: First evidence – Michael Friedewald

Deliverable

Work package 2 (WP2) deals with developing “dark” (adverse) scenarios, the aim of which will be to expose key socio-economic, legal, technological and ethical risks and vulnerabilities related to issues such as identity, privacy and security.

Description

  1. To construct four dark AmI scenarios, i.e., which highlight the risks and vulnerabilities with regard to identity, privacy, security etc, together with a first impact assessment on the social, economic, legal, technological and ethical implications.
  2. To convene an internal consortium meeting for in-depth discussion and elaboration of scenarios.

Here is the scenario deliverable:

Dark scenarios in ambient intelligence: Highlighting risks and vulnerabilities. Deliverable D2, Final version, January 2006

The report contains four scenarios:

  • Dark scenario 1: A typical family in different environments – presents AmI vulnerabilities in the life of a typical family moving through different environments. It introduces dark situations in the smart home, at work and while taking a lunch break in a park.
  • Dark scenario 2: Seniors on a journey – also references a family but focuses more specifically on senior citizens on a bus tour. An exploited vulnerability in the traffic system causes an accident, raising many different problems related to both travel and health AmI systems.
  • Dark scenario 3: Corporate boardroom & court case – takes a different stance, involving a data-aggregating company that becomes victim of theft of the personal data which fuel its core business. Given its dominant position in the market, the company wants to cover this up but will face the courtroom two years later.
  • Dark scenario 4: Risk society – suggests AmI as risk society portrayed from the studios of a morning news programme. It presents an action group against personalised profiling; the digital divide at a global scale and related to environmental concerns; the possible vulnerabilities of AmI traffic systems and crowd management in an AmI environment.

Equally important as the scenario stories is the scenario analysis. The SWAMI scenario analysis contains:

  • A short summary of the major dark situations mentioned in the scenario story;
  • A list of the most important AmI technologies and/or devices used and/or implied in the scenarios.
  • A list of major AmI applications that emerge in each scenario. Applications allow certain things to be done with the technologies and devices;
  • The drivers that have led to the scenarios and/or their (dark) situations.
  • A discussion of the major issues in terms of privacy, security, identity and vulnerabilities raised by the scenario, which are the core concerns of the SWAMI project;
  • The legal aspects implicit in the scenarios;
  • Preliminary conclusions.

The SWAMI scenarios also consist of a “technology check”, i.e. references to RTD projects and publications and a “reality check”, i.e. references to recent news reports. Although the scenarios are to be regarded as fictional, they need to be credible and realistic as to achieve their aim, i.e. highlighting vulnerabilities and weaknesses in order to develop safeguards.

Work package 3 (WP3) develops legal and policy options which could serve as safeguards and privacy-enhancing mechanisms for Ambient Intelligence.

Description

  1. To formulate and consider how and to what extent it is possible or could be possible in the future to overcome the problematic implications of the dark side of AmI, e.g., through the use of various safeguards and privacy enhancing mechanisms (PEMs), the aim of which is to ensure user control and enforceability of policy in an accessible manner and the protection of rights for all citizens in all their roles (private and professional) in the Information Society.
  2. To convene a second workshop of AmI experts in order to have their comments / validation of a range of safeguards and privacy-enhancing mechanisms.

Deliverable

 Threats, Vulnerabilities and Safeguards in Ambient Intelligence. Deliverable D3. July 2006

After the introduction (chapter 1), the report is structured as follows:

  • Chapter 2 gives an overview of the five key areas that have been addressed in our analysis
    of threats and vulnerabilities in a world of ambient intelligence, namely individual privacy,
    identity, trust, security and the risks of digital divides. These sections discuss the main
    goals that safeguards seek to achieve, the challenges that ambient intelligence bears for
    attaining them and the conflict between some goals.
  • Chapter 3 details the threats and vulnerabilities in each of the areas. Taking into account
    the four dark scenarios developed in the second SWAMI report, a small number of generic
    problems are identified that require the formulation of suitable safeguards.
  • Chapter 4 presents and discusses approaches for technical, socio-economic, legal and
    regulatory, and cultural safeguards that are considered in order to address one or more of
    the problems mentioned before.
  • Chapter 5 concludes the report by presenting recommendations for various groups of
    stakeholders, ranging from the European Commission and industry to civil society
    organisations and the individual citizen.

 Work package 4 (WP4) focusses on dissimination of project results, continuously throughout the project. There are two validation and awareness-raising workshops foreseen. A final conference at the end of the project is also planned.

Description

  1. To prepare the final report of the project.
  2. To convene a Final Conference, at which the final report will be presented.
  3. To carry out dissemination activities.

Deliverable

 Final Report . Deliverable D4. August 2006

SWAMI Partners

Short nameInstitution & ContactWebsite & E-mail
ISI (Project Co-ordinator)Fraunhofer Institute Systems and Innovation Research (Germany)

Michael Friedewald
Ralf Lindner
www.isi.fraunhofer.de

m.friedewald@isi.fraunhofer.de
r.lindner@isi.fraunhofer.de
IPTSInstitute for Prospective Technological Studies,
DG-JRC, European Commission (Spain)

Ioannis Maghiros
Yves Punie
Sabine Delaitre
www.jrc.es

ioannis.maghiros@cec.eu.int
yves.punie@cec.eu.int
sabine.delaitre@cec.eu.int
VUB LSTSVrije Universiteit Brussel (Belgium)

Serge Gutwirth
Wim Schreurs
Michiel Verlinden
Anna Moscibroda
www.vub.ac.be/LSTS

serge.gutwirth@vub.ac.be
wim.schreurs@vub.ac.be
michiel.verlinden@vub.ac.be
p.j.a.dehert@law.leidenuniv.nl
VTTTechnical Research Centre of Finland,
VTT Electronics (Finland)

Petteri Alahuhta
Heikki Ailisto
Elena Vildjiounaite
www.vtt.fi

Petteri.Alahuhta@vtt.fi
Heikki.Ailisto@vtt.fi
TrilateralTrilateral Research & Consulting (UK)

David Wright
www.trilateralresearch.com

david.wright@trilateralresearch.com

Exploration of a thematic extension of the ERAWATCH Base-load Research Inventory

The specific objective of this programme is the development of a suitable design and method for expanding the ERAWATCH base-load Research Inventory with regard to thematic R&D policies and initiatives. The exploration contributed to test and develop a method in order for the base-load to display information on thematic R&D policies. – collecting information and putting it in templates. Each country filled in the templates and identified the main encountered problems. Two syntheses were produced respectively on energy policies and on nanotechnologies policies. These syntheses helped to provide a method for producing transversal analysis amongst countries. A final report presented the proposed design and method for collecting national information on specific thematic fields.

Status

Completed project (07/2006-06/2007)

Client

European Commission, Joint Research Centers, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS)

Partners

  • Technopolis, FR;
  • Fraunhofer ISI, DE
  • NIFU-STEP, NO;
  • CASE, PL;
  • ECO Energy, IL
This website stores some user agent data. These data are used to provide a more personalized experience and to track your whereabouts around our website in compliance with the European General Data Protection Regulation. If you decide to opt-out of any future tracking, a cookie will be set up in your browser to remember this choice for one year. I Agree, Deny Diese Website speichert einige User-Agent-Daten. Diese Daten werden verwendet, um eine persönlichere Erfahrung zu ermöglichen und um Ihren Aufenthaltsort auf unserer Website in Übereinstimmung mit der EU Datenschutz-Grundverordnung zu verfolgen. Wenn Sie sich dazu entschließen, das Tracking zu deaktivieren, wird in Ihrem Browser ein Cookie eingerichtet, das diese Auswahl ein Jahr lang speichert. Ich stimme zu, Stimme nicht zu
1177