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FET Open: Boosting the exploratory power of open research in Future and Emerging Technologies (FET)

This study deals with the future of Open Collaborative Research in Europe. “Open collaborative” research is defined as research that is risky, potentially transformative, foundational, bottom-up, interdisciplinary, technology driven, and collaborative. The main findings of the study are as follows:

  • Societal and economic challenges require new models of research.
  • The internal dynamics of science requires a fast and collaborative approach to research.
  • Existing thematic (top-down) programmes are too slow and too narrow to respond to these societal, economic and scientific challenges. Thus, the Open Collaborative Reserach model will become more prominent in the future.
  • Fostering the Open Collaborative mode of doing reserach in Europe requires a firm decision for a centralised approach. Embedding many small Open Collaborative Research programmes into existing programme lines will not generate the required effects.
 
What is Open Collaborative Research?What it is not:
it focuses on new ideas which are foundational and which may have a transformative character,it is not mainstream research,
it is risky (possibility to fail),it is not about small changes of existing models or approaches,
it is bottom-up (defined by researchers),it does not follow a policy agenda, a work programme or pre-defined research topics,
it has a fast and slim selection process,it does not rely on track record alone,
it is collaborative (involves several researchers),it is not descipline-oriented research,
it is interdisciplinary,it is not pure basic science.
it is purpose-driven, which means that it aims at technology development.

FET Open today

The FET Open programme of the European Commission is positioned as ‘the incubator for radically new research ideas and future research and innovation potential’ (http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/fet-open/home_en.html). FET Open aims to stimulate and capture new opportunities and developments in science and technology as they emerge.

FET Open:

  • Is open to any new ideas, it is bottom-up with no predefined themes
  • Is open at any time: a continuously open call
  • Is open to anyone: anonymous evaluation of first step proposals
  • Has a light and fast selection process: a two-step process starting with a short proposal

Vision: The future of Open Collaborative Research in Europe

  • The funding agency, the researchers and the wider world form a virtuous symbiotic relationship
  • The administrative processes capture the spirit of opportunity and keep new ideas flowing and capture the value from these ideas
  • Open Collaborative Research will be stronger and more significant than today
  • The European agency, institution or unit for funding Open Collaborative Research is well-known as a generator for ideas and innovations in Europe and even worldwide
  • The future funding of Open Collaborative Research not only covers ICT and neighbouring fields, but is open to all of science and technology
  • Open Collaborative Research has become a major pillar within the European research funding landscape and successfully complements the other pillars

Status

Completed project (01/2011 – 2012)

Commissioned by

European Commission, DG Information Society and Media

Partner

  • AIT (Austrian Institute of Technology), Vienna
  • TNO, Delft

Final EVITA Workshop on Security of Automotive On-Board Networks

23 November 2011, Honda Academy in Erlensee, Germany

In order to present major results of the project to the public, the EVITA consortium held a Workshop on Security of Automotive On-Board Networks. The workshop took place before the Car 2 Car Forum 2011 at the Honda Academy in Erlensee (near Frankfurt/Main, Germany). After presenting the main points of the specifications of the security building blocks, the consortium showed desktop and vehicle demonstrators for various automotive applications that require security measures.

EVITA E-safety vehicle intrusion protected applications

Background & Objectives

Future automotive safety applications based on vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure communication have been identified as a means for decreasing the number of fatal traffic accidents. Examples of such applications are local danger warnings and electronic emergency brakes. While these functionalities inspire a new era of traffic safety, new security requirements need to be considered in order to prevent attacks on these systems. Examples of such threats are forced malfunctioning of safety-critical components or the interference with the traffic flow by means of fake messages.

Secure and trustworthy intra-vehicular communication is the basis for trustworthy communication among cars or between cars and the infrastructure. Therefore, the objective of the EVITA project is to design, verify, and prototype an architecture for automotive on-board networks where security-relevant components are protected against tampering and sensitive data are protected against compromise when transferred inside a vehicle.

By focusing on the protection of the intra-vehicle communication EVITA complements other e-safety related projects that focus on the protection of the vehicle-to-X communication.

Work Plan

Security requirements analysis

Starting from relevant use cases and security threat scenarios, security requirements for on-board networks will be specified. Also legal requirements on privacy, data protection, and liability issues will be considered.

Secure on-board architecture design

Based on the security requirements and the automotive constraints, a secure on-board architecture and secure on-board communications protocols will be designed. The security functions will be partitioned between software and hardware. The root of trust will be placed in hardware security modules that may be realised as extensions to automotive controllers or as dedicated security controller chips.

In order to ensure that the identified requirements are satisfied, selected parts of the secure on-board architecture and the communications protocols will be modelled using UML and automata and verified using a set of different but complementary model-based verification tools.

Implementation

For prototyping, FPGA’s will be used to extend standard automotive controllers with the functionality of cryptographic coprocessors. The low-level drivers for interacting with the hardware will be partially generated from UML models.

For even faster prototyping, the security functionality will also be implemented purely in software. An API will be defined so that applications on top of this API can use the cryptographic functions regardless of whether they are provided in hardware or software. All developed code will be validated to ensure its correctness.

Prototype-based demonstration

The secure on-board communication will be deployed inside a lab car demonstrating e-safety applications based on vehicle-to-X communication. Cryptographic methods will ensure the integrity and authenticity of information exchanged within the vehicle and will protect the electronic control units against theft, tampering, and unauthorised cloning.

Releasing the automotive hardware security modules for deployment in cars on public roads requires further implementation and testing efforts, which are out of scope of this project.

Dissemination and external interfaces

In order that the entire automotive industry may benefit from the project results, the secure on-board architecture and communications protocol specifications will be published as open specifications.

The EVITA project partners will liaise with related initiatives in the fields of e-safety and embedded security to achieve multilateral synergies.

Project duration

July 2008 – December 2011

Project Partners

Fraunhofer SIT BMW Group Robert Bosch GmbHContinental Teves AG & Co. OHG escrypt GmbH EURECOMFraunhofer ISI Fujitsu Semiconductor Europe Infineon Technologies AGKatholieke Universiteit Leuven MIRA Ltd Institut TELECOMTrialog

Deliverables

Public reports

No. Deliverable name Date
D0 Project summary Apr. 2012
D1.2.5.1 Presentation slides from the EVITA Workshop on 1 July 2010 Jul. 2010
D1.2.5.2 Presentation slides from the Final EVITA Workshop on 23 November 2011 Nov. 2011
D1.2.6 Final liaisons documentation Mar. 2012
D1.2.7 Final dissemination strategy Apr. 2012
D2.1 Specification and evaluation of e-security relevant use cases Dec. 2009
D2.3 Security requirements for automotive on-board networks based on dark-side scenarios Dec. 2009
D2.4 Legal framework and requirements of automotive on-board networks Sept. 2011
D3.1 Security and trust model Nov. 2009
D3.2 Secure on-board architecture specification Aug. 2011
D3.3 Secure on-board protocols specification Jul. 2011
D3.4.3 On-board architecture and protocols verification Dec. 2010
D3.4.4 On-board architecture and protocols attack analysis Dec. 2010
D4.0.3 Security architecture implementation – Progress report Jul. 2011
D4.2.3 LLD modelling, verification, and automatic C-code generation Jan. 2012
D4.4.2 Test results Feb. 2012

SysML models

Requirement diagrams for automotive on-board networks

These models are to be viewed with the open source UML toolkit TTool.

Publications

2011

  • M. Wolf, T. Gendrullis: Design, implementation, and evaluation of a vehicular hardware security module. In 14th International Conference on Information Security and Cryptology, Seoul, South Korea, November/December 2011 – Paper
  • H. Schweppe, B. Weyl, Y. Roudier, M.S. Idrees, T. Gendrullis, M. Wolf: Securing car2X applications with effective hardware-software co-design for vehicular on-board networks. In 27th Joint VDI/VW Automotive Security Conference, Berlin, Germany, October 2011. VDI Berichte 2131 – Paper
  • G. Pedroza, M.S. Idrees, L. Apvrille, Y. Roudier: A formal methodology applied to secure over-the-air automotive applications. In 74th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2011-Fall), San Francisco, CA, USA, September 2011 – Paper
  • H. Schweppe, Y. Roudier, B. Weyl, L. Apvrille, D. Scheuermann: Car2X communication – Securing the last meter. In 4th International Symposium on Wireless Vehicular Communications (WIVEC 2011), San Francisco, CA, USA, September 2011 – Paper
  • G. Pedroza, L. Apvrille, D. Knorreck: AVATAR: A SysML environment for the formal verification of safety and security properties. In 11th International Conference on New Technologies of Distributed Systems (NOTERE), Paris, France, May 2011 – Paper
  • M.S. Idrees, H. Schweppe, Y. Roudier, M. Wolf, D. Scheuermann, and O. Henniger: Secure automotive on-board protocols: A case of over-the-air firmware updates. In T. Strang, A. Festag, A. Vinel, R. Mehmood, C. Rico Garcia und M. Röckl, eds., 3rd International Nets4Cars/Nets4Trains Workshop, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany, March 2011. Springer (LNCS vol. 6596) – Paper
  • A. Fuchs, S. Gürgens, and C. Rudolph: A formal notion of trust and confidentiality – Enabling reasoning about system security. In Journal of Information Processing, vol. 19 (2011), pp. 274–291 –Paper

2010

  • O. Henniger: Secure automotive on-board networks – Basis for secure vehicle-to-X communication. In Workshop “Staufrei von Holland nach Hessen” (From Holland to Hesse without traffic jam), Frankfurt/Main, Germany, December 2010 – Slides
  • G. Pedroza, L. Apvrille, and R. Pacalet: A formal security model for verification of automotive embedded applications. In 3rd Sophia-Antipolis Formal Analysis Workshop (SAFA 2010), Sophia-Antipolis, France, October 2010 – Paper
  • D. Knorreck, L. Apvrille, and R. Pacalet: Partitioning of in-vehicle systems-on-chip: a methodology based on DIPLODOCUS. In 13th Sophia-Antipolis Microelectronics Forum (SAME 2010), Sophia-Antipolis, France, October 2010 – Paper
  • L. Apvrille, R. El Khayari, O. Henniger, Y. Roudier, H. Schweppe, H. Seudié, B. Weyl, M. Wolf: Secure automotive on-board electronics network architecture. In FISITA 2010 World Automotive Congress, Budapest, Hungary, May/June 2010 – Paper
  • M.S. Idrees, Y. Roudier, and L. Apvrille: A framework towards the efficient identification and modelling of security requirements. In 5th Conference on Security in Network Architectures and Information Systems (SAR-SSI 2010), Menton, France, May 2010
  • H. Schweppe, Y. Roudier: Security issues in vehicular systems: Threats, emerging solutions and standards. In 5th Conference on Security in Network Architectures and Information Systems (SAR-SSI 2010), Menton, France, May 2010 – Paper
  • A. Ruddle: Security risk analysis approach for on-board vehicle networks. In “The Fully Networked Car” Workshop at the Geneva International Motor Show, Geneva, Switzerland, March 2010 – Slides

2009

  • O. Henniger and H. Seudié: EVITA-project.org: E-safety vehicle intrusion protected applications. In 7thescar (Embedded Security in Cars) Conference, Düsseldorf, Germany, November 2009, invited talk –Slides
  • H. Seudié: Vehicular on-board security: EVITA project. In C2C-CC Liaison Security Workshop, Wolfsburg, Germany, November 2009, invited talk – Slides
  • O. Henniger, L. Apvrille, A. Fuchs, Y. Roudier, A. Ruddle, and B. Weyl: Security requirements for automotive on-board networks. In 9th International Conference on Intelligent Transport System Telecommunications (ITST 2009), Lille, France, October 2009 – Paper
  • B. Weyl, O. Henniger, A. Ruddle, H. Seudié, M. Wolf, and T. Wollinger: Securing vehicular on-board IT systems: The EVITA Project. In 25th Joint VDI/VW Automotive Security Conference, Ingolstadt, Germany, October 2009 – Paper
  • F. Stumpf, B. Weyl, C. Meves, M. Wolf: A security architecture for multipurpose ECUs in vehicles. In 25th Joint VDI/VW Automotive Security Conference, Ingolstadt, Germany, October 2009 – Paper
  • T. Kosch: Privacy and data protection for drivers – A contribution from the EVITA project. In 16th ITS World Congress, Stockholm, Sweden, September 2009, invited talk – Slides
  • M. Wolf: Designing secure automotive hardware for enhancing traffic safety. In CAST Workshop “Mobile Security for Intelligent Cars”, Darmstadt, Germany, August 2009, invited talk – Slides
  • A. Fuchs and R. Rieke: Identification of authenticity requirements in systems of systems by functional security analysis. In Workshop on Architecting Dependable Systems at the IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks (DSN-2009), Estoril, Portugal, June 2009 – Paper

2008

  • M. Wolf: Vehicular security hardware. In 6th escar (Embedded Security in Cars) Conference, Hamburg, Germany, November 2008, invited talk – Slides

E-safety Vehicle Intrusion proTected Application (EVITA)

Car to car and car to infrastructure communication has a great potential to further decrease road fatalities. But this implies a massive deployment of a communication infrastructure comprising the car, and consequently opens the door to vehicle intrusion threats, which will in turn create substantial threats to the overall car safety functions. Consequences may range from irritating malfunction of on-board commodity devices to dangerous failures, e.g. missing support for braking and/or steering which can create life threatening situations.It is the distinct objective of EVITA to address these threats by preventing unauthorised manipulation of on-board systems in order to successfully prevent the intrusion into the in-vehicular systems and the transmission of corrupted data to the outside. By focusing on vehicle intrusion projection EVITA complements SeVeCOM and NoW which focus on communication protection.Starting from identifying the necessary industrial use cases regarding assembly and field maintenance and compiling profound scenarios of possible threats, the overall security requirements are defined. On this basis a secure trust model will be compiled and a secure on-board architecture and protocol will be specified, verified, validated and, lastly, demonstrated. EVITA will release the architecture and protocol specification as an open standard.The consortium brings together all relevant expertise to successfully take the challenge: a car manufacturer, tier-one suppliers, security, hardware, software and legal experts. In order to guarantee a broad uptake of the open standard, EVITA will cooperate with the Car 2 Car Communication Consortium.

Status

Finished  (07/2008-12/2011)

Clients

7th Framework Programme, European Commission, DG Information Society, Unit G4

Partners

  • Fraunhofer Institute for Secure Information Technology (SIT), DE
  • Robert Bosch GmbH, DE
  • Continental Teves AG & Co. oHG, DE
  • ESCRYPT GmbH, DE
  • Infineon, DE
  • Fujitsu Services AB, SE
  • MIRA Ltd, UK
  • Trialog, FR
  • KU Leuven, BE
  • BMW Forschung und Technik GmbH, DE
  • GROUPE DES ECOLES DES TELECOMMUNICATIONS (institut Telecom), FR
  • INSTITUT EURECOM, FR

Deliverables with ISI contributions

  • Dumortier, Jos, Christophe Geuens, Alastair Ruddle, Lester Low, and Michael Friedewald, “Legal framework and requirements of automotive on-board networks”, EVITA Deliverable 2.4, EVITA Project, 2011. http://www.evita-project.org/Deliverables/EVITAD2.4.pdf
  • Ruddle, Alastair, David Ward, Benjamin Weyl, Sabir Idrees, Yves Roudier, Michael Friedewald, Timo Leimbach, Andreas Fuchs, Sigrid Gürgens, Olaf Henniger, Roland Rieke, Matthias Ritscher, Henrik Broberg, Ludovic Apvrille, Renaud Pacalet, and Gabriel Pedroza, “Security requirements for automotive on-board networks based on dark-side scenarios”, EVITA Deliverable 2.3, 2009. http://www.evita-project.org/Deliverables/EVITAD2.3.pdf
  • Kelling, Enno, Michael Friedewald, Timo Leimbach, Marc Menzel, Peter Säger, Hervé Seudié, and Benjamin Weyl, “E-safety vehicle intrusion protected applications: Specification and Evaluation of e-Security relevant use cases “, EVITA Deliverable 2.1, 2009. http://www.evita-project.org/Deliverables/EVITAD2.1.pdf

Economic and social Impact of software and software based services

While many efforts have been made in recent years to measure the ICT (Information and Communication Technology) industry in its usage and its economic and social contribution at the national or European level, little light has been shed on the software industry in itself. This is surprising considering the fact that software and software based services are key enablers for growth and employment. As part of the possible definition of an European Software Strategy that aims at supporting the competitiveness of European software and software based services industry the Directorate-General Information Society and Media of the European Commission has launched this study.

Objectives

The objectives were

  • Evaluate the potential economic and social contribution of the EU Software and Software-based Services (SSBS) industry in Europe in the context of the emerging Internet of Services (IoS),
  • Identify the elements that are determinant for its growth and competitiveness and the main market trends,
  • Identify current barriers to the competitiveness of the EU SSBS in the context of the IoS and actions needed to remove those barriers,
  • Assess the economic and social impact of the EU SSBS industry in the context of the IoS in Europe of different policy actions to improve its competitiveness
  • Provide policy recommendations to foster market and business development at European level.

Status

Finished (April 2009 – Juli 2010)

Clients

European Commission DG Information Society and Media

Partners

  • Pierre Audoin Consultants (PAC), France
  • IDATE, France
  • London Economics, Great Britain

 Publications

Official Deliverables

Articles

  • Leimbach, Timo, and Michael Friedewald, “Assessing National Policies to Support Software in Europe”, Info: The journal of policy, regulation and strategy, Vol. 12, No. 6, 2010, pp. 40 – 55.

Privacy and Trust in the Ubiquitous Information Society

The overall objective of the study was to provide information helping to develop and assess policy options on EU level in order to address existing or emerging challenges to effective data protection, privacy and trust resulting from the development towards the ubiquitous information society. The study provides information on the following aspects:

  • Overview and analysis of existing research and publications on possible effects of more ambient ICT use on privacy and trust,
  • Identification of challenges for privacy and data protection and for trust and confidence,
  • Description and assessment of possible responses,
  • Options for a policy response on EU level,

The study provides input for the development of a set of EU level measures responding to the challenges raised with respect to privacy and trust in the ubiquitous information society, based on an assessment of all available instruments: social dialogue, fostering technical development, international cooperation and ensuring a regulatory framework enabling citizens, businesses and public entities to achieve the maximum of the potential benefits.

Status

Completed project (01/2008 – 12/2008)

Client

European Commission, DG Information Society and Media, Unit B1

Partners

  • Trilateral Research and Consulting London, UK
  • Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich, CH
  • Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Research group on Law Science Technology & Society, BE

Publications

Official Deliverables

Friedewald, Michael, David Wright, Serge Gutwirth, Paul De Hert, Marc Langheinrich, Antje Dietrich, Andreas Salzmann, Anna Moscibroda, Gloria González Fuster, Katja Devries, Wim Schreurs, and Niels Van Dijk, “Privacy and Trust in the Ubiquitous Information Society: An annotated bibliography re privacy, trust and the Ubiquitous Information Society”, Inception Report (Deliverable 1) Fraunhofer ISI, Karlsruhe, 2008.

Friedewald, Michael, David Wright, Serge Gutwirth, Paul De Hert, Marc Langheinrich, Timo Leimbach, Gloria González Fuster, and Ion Iulia, “Privacy and Trust in the Ubiquitous Information Society: Analysis of the impact of convergent and pervasive ICT on privacy and data protection and needs and options for development of the legal framework”, Final Report for the European Commission Fraunhofer ISI, Karlsruhe, 2009. https://bookshop.europa.eu/en/privacy-and-trust-in-the-ubiquitous-information-society-pbKK0414601/

Articles

Wright, David, Serge Gutwirth, Michael Friedewald, Paul De Hert, Marc Langheinrich, and Anna Moscibroda, “Privacy, Trust and Policy-Making: Challenges and Responses”, Computer Law & Security Report, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2009, pp. 69-83.

 

European Perspectives on the Creative Content Sector EPIS06

In addressing the need expressed by DG INFSO over a foresight-based intelligence building, IPTS proposed researching European Perspectives on the Information Society (EPIS). The aim of this multi-project activity is to develop a foresight exercise investigating the potential evolution of technology, innovation and business with a focus on ICT and identifying potential disruptions for the coming decade.

EPIS will attempt to provide a prospective view on the potential evolution of technologies and applications in relation to ICT. It will achieve this by assessing future technological trends and challenges relevant to ICT in this area, both from the supply and demand side and at technological and market/application levels. The project will also focus on potential disruptions in this area. It will aim at highlighting hot issues, identifying fast emerging, important technological and business topics in order to draw the attention of policy makers on unexpected trends and major changes, which may happen in the coming years.   Besides its view on the general development of ICT, EPIS is focusing on certain thematic sectors. For the first year of EPIS the creative content sector has been chosen as the focal theme of investigation.

The EPIS study is structured into the following main tasks: (1) Developing an observatory of trends in technology and business evolutions of ICT, (2) running European foresight exercises on the Creative Content sector and (3) to derive policy-oriented recommendations for DG INFSO / IST Advisory Group.

Status

Completed project (11/2006-01/2008)

Client

European Commission, Joint Research Centers, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS)

Partners

  • ARC system research GmbH
  • AT Research Center Karlsruhe
  • Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis DE University of Sussex
  • Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU), UK

Publication

Official deliverables

  • Friedewald, Michael, Jürgen  von Oertzen, and Kerstin Cuhls, “European Perspectives on the Information Society: Delphi Report”, EPIS Deliverable 2.3.1, European Techno-Economic Policy Support Network (ETEPS), 2007. http://epis.jrc.es/documents/Deliverables/EPIS%202-3-1%20Delphi%20Report.pdf
  • Dachs, Bernhard, and K. Matthias Weber, “ICT and the Offshoring of Services”, in Ioannis Maghiros, Fabienne Abadie, and Corina Pascu (eds.), European Perspectives on the Information Society: Annual Monitoring Synthesis and Emerging Trend Updates, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2008, pp. 193-236.
  • Friedewald, Michael, Clemens Cremer, and K. Matthias Weber, “The Role of ICTs as Enabler for Energy Efficiency”, in Ioannis Maghiros, Fabienne Abadie, and Corina Pascu (eds.), European Perspectives on the Information Society: Annual Monitoring Synthesis and Emerging Trend Updates, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2008, pp. 237-267.
  • Friedewald, Michael, Ralf Lindner, and K. Matthias Weber, “ICT tools and services in intelligent domestic and personal environments”, in Ioannis Maghiros, Fabienne Abadie, and Corina Pascu (eds.), European Perspectives on the Information Society: Annual Monitoring Synthesis and Emerging Trend Updates, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2008, pp. 269-297.
  • Maghiros, Ioannis, Fabienne Abadie, and Corina Pascu (eds.), European Perspectives on the Information Society: Annual Monitoring Synthesis and Emerging Trend Updates, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2008.
  • Mateos-Garcia, Juan, Aldo Geuna, and W. Edward Steinmueller, “The State of The Art of The Creative Content Industries in Europe”, EPIS Deliverable 2.2.1, European Techno-Economic Policy Support Network (ETEPS), 2007. http://epis.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
  • Mateos-Garcia, Juan, Aldo Geuna, W. Edward Steinmueller, and Georgina S. Voss, “Market Demand Issues and their Impact on ICT innovation in the European Creative Content Sector”, EPIS Deliverable 2.2.3, European Techno-Economic Policy Support Network (ETEPS), 2007. http://epis.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
  • Mateos-Garcia, Juan, W. Edward Steinmueller, and Aldo Geuna, “The Impact of ICT Innovations on the Future of the European Creative Content Sector”, EPIS Deliverable 2.2.2, European Techno-Economic Policy Support Network (ETEPS), 2007. http://epis.jrc.ec.europa.eu
  • Friedewald, Michael, Matthias Weber, Juan Mateos-Garcia, Aldo Geuna, W. Edward Steinmueller, Michael Rader, Knud Böhle, Gill Ringland, Jan Bierhoff, Ioannis Maghiros, Fabienne Abadie, and Corina Pascu, “The Creative Content Sector:  Scenarios for the future & policy implications”, Unpublished EPIS Deliverable 2.4, European Commission, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies, Seville, 2008.

Articles

  • Abadie, Fabienne, Michael Friedewald, and K. Matthias Weber, “Adaptive Foresight in the Creative Content Industries: Anticipating Value Chain Transformations and Need for Policy Action”, in Xabier Goenaga Beldarrain, Paul Desruelle, Timo-Topias Totti Könnölä, Cristiano Cagnin, and Karel Hagemann (eds.), The 3rd International Seville Conference on Future-Oriented Technology Analysis. Impacts and Implications for Policy and Decision Making. Book of Abstracts, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2008, pp. 145-146.
  • Abadie, Fabienne, Michael Friedewald, and K. Matthias Weber, “Adaptive foresight in the creative content industries: anticipating value chain transformations and need for policy action”, Science and public policy, Vol. 37, No. 1, 2010, pp. 19-30.

CONTECS CONverging TEChnologies and their impact on the Social sciences and humanities

This project addresses the potential roles that the social sciences and humanities (SSH) can play with regard to the phenomenon of technological convergence (between Nano-, Bio-, Information technologies, Cognitive sciences and Social sciences and Humanities), its shaping and ethical and societal implications.

In an integrated and systemic approach the project explores the major ethical and societal questions raised by technological development in the field of converging technologies (CT) and the ways in which these can be addressed by the Social Sciences and Humanities. In the context of imminent transformations to a European knowledge-based society, these questions present key opportunities and challenges which the research community needs to be prepared to face. This research project will build on a review and monitoring of technological developments in the CTs and relevant global RTD policy trends, at the same time analysing their possible implications for contributions by the SSH.

The project will further analyse how and to what extent the SSH can contribute to the shaping of science and technology. The final aim is to raise awareness of Converging Technology issues throughout the SSH community and to develop options for a research agenda to be implemented in the SSH priority of the 7th Framework Program. The emergence of the knowledge-based society will entail new forms of relationships between its citizens on the one hand, and between its citizens and institutions on the other hand. The project aims to mobilise European research capacities in SSH that are necessary to develop an understanding of and to address issues related to this critical phenomenon.

Status

Completed (02/2006 – 01/2008)

Client

6th Framework Programme, European Commission, DG Research, Directorate K

Partners

  • Research Centre Karlsruhe, Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS)
  • University Oxford, Saïd Business School
  • L’Institut de l’Ecole normale supérieure

Publications

Articles and book chapters

  • Rader, Michael, “CONverging TECnologies and their impact on the Social sciences and humanities (CONTECS)”, Technikfolgenabschätzung – Theorie und Praxis, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2006, pp. 139.
  • Coenen, Christopher, “Converging Technologies – Promises and Challenges”, Technikfolgenabschätzung – Theorie und Praxis, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2006, pp. 110-114.
  • Quendt, Christiane, Torsten Fleischer, and Michael Rader, “Converging Technologies als Gegenstand internationaler forschungspolitischer Debatten – Beoachtungen, Analysen, Probleme”, Paper presented at: Technology Assessment in World Society: NTA2 – Second conference of the “TA Network”, Berlin, 2006.
  • Beckert, Bernd, Clemens Blümel, and Michael Friedewald, “Visions and Realities in Converging Technologies: Exploring the technology base for convergence”, Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research, Vol. 20, No. 4, 2007, pp. 375-394.
  • Coenen, Christopher, “Utopian Aspects of the Debate on Converging Technologies”, in Gerhard Banse, Imre  Hronszky, and G.  Nelson (eds.), Converging Technologies. Promises and Challenges, Sigma, Berlin, 2007.
  • Coenen, Christopher, “Konvergierende Technologien und Wissenschaften. Der Stand der Debatte und politischen Aktivitäten zu »Converging Technologies«”, Hintergrundpapier 16, Büro für Technikfolgen-Abschätzung beim Deutschen Bundestag, Berlin, 2008.
  • Fleischer, Torsten, Christiane Quendt, and Michael Rader, “Converging Technologies und die Sozial- und Geisteswissenschaften: Ergebnisse und Erfahrungen aus einem EU-Projekt”, Technikfolgenabschätzung – Theorie und Praxis, Vol. 17, No. 2, 2008, pp. 74-77.
  • Beckert, Bernd, Clemens Blümel, and Michael Friedewald, “Kje danes prihaja do tehnološke konvergence? Identifikacija področij interdisciplinarnih zahtev in vplivov na znastveni in technološki razvoj”, Casopis za kritiko znanosti, domišljijo in antropologijo (Journal for the Criticism of Science, Imagination and New Anthropology), Vol. 37, No. 237, 2009, pp. 43-55.

Official deliverables

  • Andler, Daniel, and Vincent Pargade, “Converging technologies and their impact on the social sciences and humanities (CONTECS). Cognitive science within Convergence: A first attempt at delineating the field in Europe”, Deliverable D1.1 – Part B, Fraunhofer ISI, Karlsruhe, 2006.
  • Woolgar, Steve, “Converging technologies and their impact on the social sciences and humanities (CONTECS). Visions and Discourse in Converging Technologies: a background report”, Deliverable D1.2, University Oxford, Said Business School, Oxford, 2006.
  • Rader, Michael, Christopher Coenen, Torsten Fleischer, Beate-Josefine Luber, and Christiane Quendt, “Converging technologies and their impact on the social sciences and humanities (CONTECS): Current trends in RTD policy on Converging Technologies “, Deliverable D1.3, Research Center Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, 2006.
  • Andler, Daniel, and Simon Barthelmé, “Converging technologies and their impact on the social sciences and humanities (CONTECS). Cognitive science within Convergence: Key issues in the European Context”, Deliverable D3.1 – Part B, Institut de l’École normale supérieure, Paris, 2007.
  • Beckert, Bernd, Clemens Blümel, Michael Friedewald, and Axel Thielmann, “Converging technologies and their impact on the social sciences and humanities (CONTECS): R&D Trends in Converging Technologies “, Deliverable D3.1 – Part A, Fraunhofer ISI, Karlsruhe, 2007.
  • Woolgar, Steve, Christopher Coenen, and Elena Simakova, “Converging technologies and their impact on the social sciences and humanities (CONTECS). The Ontological Politics of Convergence”, Deliverable D3.2, University Oxford, Said Business School, Oxford, 2007.
  • Rader, Michael, Christopher Coenen, Torsten Fleischer, Beate-Josefine Luber, and Christiane Quendt, “Converging technologies and their impact on the social sciences and humanities (CONTECS): Current trends in RTD policy on Converging Technologies “, Deliverable D3.3, Research Center Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, 2007.
  • Andler, Daniel, Simon Barthelmé, Bernd Beckert, Clemens Blümel, Christopher Coenen, Torsten Fleischer, Michael Friedewald, Christiane Quendt, Michael Rader, Elena Simakova, and Steve Woolgar, “Converging technologies and their impact on the social sciences and humanities (CONTECS): An Analysis of critical issues and a suggestion for a future research agenda”, Final Report 2008.

Study on the Trends in European Public and Private Investments in ICT R&D and on the Globalisation of R&D and the Competitiveness of the European Innovation System in ICT (REDICT)

The study contributes to the growing debate around key points of European ICT policy-making among which:

  • Which are the main policies and instruments used by the member states to attract foreign and retain domestic R&D activities in ICT industries?
  • Which of those policies and instruments resulted in a visible improvement of the capacity of national innovative systems to benefit from the development of global research networks?
  • How are the European resources in ICT R&D distributed and what are the main factors shaping the European profile in this respect?

The study aims at deepening the existing understanding of the R&D capacities building processes in ICT sectors, and on the relative competitive advantage for the location of these capacities at the regional, national and European levels. The study provides a significant basis for the ongoing and future discussions about the economic impact of the ICT sector both within the political debate in the different EU countries and on the level of EU politics itself.

As a part of the implementation of the Lisbon policy goals, and given the particular role of the ICT industries in the wider context of globalisation of R&D activities, DG INFSO expressed a need for a documented overview of the developments of R&D in ICT in the 25 EU member states and in Europe as a whole. At present, no systematic survey exists with regard to R&D in ICT investments. The study aims at contribution to these open questions.

Status

Finished project (12/2005 – 12/2007)

Client

European Commission, Joint Research Centers, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS)

Partners

  • Fraunhofer ISI (co-ordinator)
  • ARC system research GmbH, AT
  • Hungarian Academy of Sciences IE/HAS, HU
  • TNO Innovation Policy Group, NL

Publications

 

Exploration of a thematic extension of the ERAWATCH Base-load Research Inventory

The specific objective of this programme is the development of a suitable design and method for expanding the ERAWATCH base-load Research Inventory with regard to thematic R&D policies and initiatives. The exploration contributed to test and develop a method in order for the base-load to display information on thematic R&D policies. – collecting information and putting it in templates. Each country filled in the templates and identified the main encountered problems. Two syntheses were produced respectively on energy policies and on nanotechnologies policies. These syntheses helped to provide a method for producing transversal analysis amongst countries. A final report presented the proposed design and method for collecting national information on specific thematic fields.

Status

Completed project (07/2006-06/2007)

Client

European Commission, Joint Research Centers, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS)

Partners

  • Technopolis, FR;
  • Fraunhofer ISI, DE
  • NIFU-STEP, NO;
  • CASE, PL;
  • ECO Energy, IL