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Innovationsindikator 2017: Deutschland verbessert sich, ist bei der Digitalisierung aber nur Mittelmaß

Der Innovationsindikator 2017, den das Fraunhofer ISI zusammen mit dem ZEW für acatech und den BDI realisiert hat, bescheinigt Deutschland einen vierten Platz in der internationalen Innovationslandschaft. Trotz des guten Abschneidens bleibt der Abstand zur Schweiz, zu Singapur und zu Belgien groß, die das Innovationsranking anführen. Besonders im Digitalisierungsbereich, der im Innovationsindikator 2017 erstmals untersucht wurde, sind deutliche Schwächen auszumachen: Deutschland liegt hier abgeschlagen auf Platz 17 und bleibt weit hinter anderen Industrienationen wie den USA oder Großbritannien zurück.

Deutschland bleibt im internationalen Innovationsvergleich eines der führenden Länder, schafft es jedoch nicht unter die Top drei. Dies ist das Ergebnis des Innovationsindikators 2017, der im Auftrag von acatech – Deutsche Akademie der Technikwissenschaften und dem Bundesverband der Deutschen Industrie (BDI) die Innovationsstärke von 35 Volkswirtschaften untersucht hat.

„Deutschland bleibt international ein wichtiger und angesehener Innovationsstandort und verbessert sich im Vergleich zum Innovationsindikator 2015 um einen Platz“, so Univ.-Prof. Dr. Marion A. Weissenberger-Eibl, Institutsleiterin des Fraunhofer ISI. „Das gute Ergebnis sollte aber nicht darüber hinwegtäuschen, dass die Schweiz, Singapur und Belgien weitaus innovationsfähiger sind. Damit Deutschland wettbewerbsfähig bleibt, muss es vor allem bei der Digitalisierung aufholen – gerade in diesem zukunftsträchtigen Bereich stellt der Innovationsindikator Deutschland ein ausgesprochen schlechtes Zeugnis aus.“

Im erstmals erhobenen Digitalisierungs-Indikator landet Deutschland nur auf einem enttäuschenden 17. Platz. Egal ob digitale Wirtschaft (Rang 12), Bildung (Rang 17) oder digitale Forschung/Technologien (Rang 16) – die Ergebnisse fallen in keinem Digitalbereich besonders gut aus. Dies gilt auch für die digitale Infrastruktur, wo Deutschland international nur Rang 19 belegt. Will das Land bei der Digitalisierung aufholen, müssen kleine und mittlere Unternehmen (KMU) stärker einbezogen, die Aus- und Weiterbildung mehr in Richtung Digitalisierung ausgebaut und die IT-Sicherheit gestärkt werden. Positiv fällt aber auf, dass die deutsche Gesellschaft digitale Technologien intensiv nutzt.

Im Unterschied zum Digitalisierungs-Indikator betrachtet der Innovationsindikator die Innovationssysteme der untersuchten Länder in ihrer Gesamtheit. In den hier betrachteten Teilbereichen Wissenschaft (Rang 11), Bildung (Rang 8) oder Gesellschaft (Rang 13) schneidet Deutschland zwar besser ab, jedoch erreicht das Land auch hier international keine Top-Platzierungen. Einzig in den Bereichen Staat (Rang 8) und Wirtschaft (Rang 7) fallen die Ergebnisse besser aus.

„Deutschland muss im Innovationswettbewerb deutlich zulegen“, sagt BDI-Präsident Dieter Kempf. „Die Politik muss Investitionen in Innovationen vorantreiben und zügig die steuerliche Forschungsförderung einführen, die es fast überall in Europa bereits gibt.“ Jeder Steuereuro ziehe rund 1,25 Euro private Investitionen nach sich. „Ein Muss für Digitalisierung und Industrie 4.0 ist, den Breitbandausbau voranzutreiben und den digitalen europäischen Binnenmarkt zu verwirklichen“, fordert Kempf. „Großes Potenzial gibt es in der Digitalisierung der öffentlichen Verwaltung.“

Gut ausgebildete Fachkräfte, innovative Unternehmen und vergleichsweise viele Patentanmeldungen je Einwohner gehören zu den Stärken Deutschlands. Vorzüge des Bildungssystems sind die gute berufliche Ausbildung und ein hoher Anteil von Akademikern mit Spitzenqualifikationen. Rückläufig sind der Beschäftigtenanteil in wissensintensiven Dienstleistungen und der Anteil von Wagniskapitalinvestitionen am Bruttoinlandsprodukt.

Neben dem digitalen Binnenmarkt und einem nationalen Kompetenz-Monitoring empfehlen acatech und BDI der Politik, das Innovationsprinzip bei neuen Gesetzen einzuführen. Erforderlich sei zudem eine neue nationale MINT-Strategie (Mathematik, Informatik, Naturwissenschaft und Technik) mit den Schwerpunkten Qualitätssicherung, Talentförderung und Bildung in der digitalen Transformation.


Weissenberger-Eibl, Marion, Rainer Frietsch, Torben Schubert, Daniel Bachlechner, Bernd Beckert, Michael Friedewald, Christian Lerch, Christian Rammer, Michael Klein und Iris Plöger (2017). Innovationsindikator 2017. Berlin: Acatech, Bundesverband der Deutschen Industrie. http://www.innovationsindikator.de

2 neue Studien zur Sicherheit in „Smart Cities“ im Auftrag von ENISA

Lévy-Bencheton, Cédric, Eleni Darra, Daniel Bachlechner, Michael Friedewald, Timothy Mitchener-Nissen, Monica Lagazio, and Antonio Kung, Cyber security for Smart Cities: An architecture model for public transport, European Union Agency for Network and Information Security (ENISA), Heraklion, 2015.

The main objective of this study is to model the architecture of the transport sector in SCs and to describe good cyber security practices of IPT operators. The good practices are put into a relationship with different city maturity levels. This allows representatives of operators and municipalities to quickly assess whether or not they lag behind other cities with the same maturity level in terms of cyber security and, if so, to take appropriate actions. The study is primarily focused on the provision of practical, hands-on guidance.

Lévy-Bencheton, Cédric, Eleni Darra, Timothy Mitchener-Nissen, Monica Lagazio, Daniel Bachlechner, Michael Friedewald, and Antonio Kung, Cyber Security and Resilience of Intelligent Public Transport: Good practices and recommendations, European Union Agency for Network and Information Security (ENISA), Heraklion, 2015.

This study proposes a pragmatic approach that will highlight the critical assets of Intelligent Public Transport systems. It gives an overview of the existing security measures (good practices) that could be deployed to protect these critical assets and ensure security of the IPT system, based on a survey and interviews of experts from the sector, municipalities, operators, manufacturers and policy makers.

FET Open: Boosting the exploratory power of open research in Future and Emerging Technologies (FET)

This study deals with the future of Open Collaborative Research in Europe. „Open collaborative“ research is defined as research that is risky, potentially transformative, foundational, bottom-up, interdisciplinary, technology driven, and collaborative. The main findings of the study are as follows:

  • Societal and economic challenges require new models of research.
  • The internal dynamics of science requires a fast and collaborative approach to research.
  • Existing thematic (top-down) programmes are too slow and too narrow to respond to these societal, economic and scientific challenges. Thus, the Open Collaborative Reserach model will become more prominent in the future.
  • Fostering the Open Collaborative mode of doing reserach in Europe requires a firm decision for a centralised approach. Embedding many small Open Collaborative Research programmes into existing programme lines will not generate the required effects.
 
What is Open Collaborative Research?What it is not:
it focuses on new ideas which are foundational and which may have a transformative character,it is not mainstream research,
it is risky (possibility to fail),it is not about small changes of existing models or approaches,
it is bottom-up (defined by researchers),it does not follow a policy agenda, a work programme or pre-defined research topics,
it has a fast and slim selection process,it does not rely on track record alone,
it is collaborative (involves several researchers),it is not descipline-oriented research,
it is interdisciplinary,it is not pure basic science.
it is purpose-driven, which means that it aims at technology development.

FET Open today

The FET Open programme of the European Commission is positioned as ‚the incubator for radically new research ideas and future research and innovation potential‘ (http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/fet-open/home_en.html). FET Open aims to stimulate and capture new opportunities and developments in science and technology as they emerge.

FET Open:

  • Is open to any new ideas, it is bottom-up with no predefined themes
  • Is open at any time: a continuously open call
  • Is open to anyone: anonymous evaluation of first step proposals
  • Has a light and fast selection process: a two-step process starting with a short proposal

Vision: The future of Open Collaborative Research in Europe

  • The funding agency, the researchers and the wider world form a virtuous symbiotic relationship
  • The administrative processes capture the spirit of opportunity and keep new ideas flowing and capture the value from these ideas
  • Open Collaborative Research will be stronger and more significant than today
  • The European agency, institution or unit for funding Open Collaborative Research is well-known as a generator for ideas and innovations in Europe and even worldwide
  • The future funding of Open Collaborative Research not only covers ICT and neighbouring fields, but is open to all of science and technology
  • Open Collaborative Research has become a major pillar within the European research funding landscape and successfully complements the other pillars

Status

Completed project (01/2011 – 2012)

Commissioned by

European Commission, DG Information Society and Media

Partner

  • AIT (Austrian Institute of Technology), Vienna
  • TNO, Delft

Economic and social Impact of software and software based services

While many efforts have been made in recent years to measure the ICT (Information and Communication Technology) industry in its usage and its economic and social contribution at the national or European level, little light has been shed on the software industry in itself. This is surprising considering the fact that software and software based services are key enablers for growth and employment. As part of the possible definition of an European Software Strategy that aims at supporting the competitiveness of European software and software based services industry the Directorate-General Information Society and Media of the European Commission has launched this study.

Objectives

The objectives were

  • Evaluate the potential economic and social contribution of the EU Software and Software-based Services (SSBS) industry in Europe in the context of the emerging Internet of Services (IoS),
  • Identify the elements that are determinant for its growth and competitiveness and the main market trends,
  • Identify current barriers to the competitiveness of the EU SSBS in the context of the IoS and actions needed to remove those barriers,
  • Assess the economic and social impact of the EU SSBS industry in the context of the IoS in Europe of different policy actions to improve its competitiveness
  • Provide policy recommendations to foster market and business development at European level.

Status

Finished (April 2009 – Juli 2010)

Clients

European Commission DG Information Society and Media

Partners

  • Pierre Audoin Consultants (PAC), France
  • IDATE, France
  • London Economics, Great Britain

 Publications

Official Deliverables

Articles

  • Leimbach, Timo, and Michael Friedewald, „Assessing National Policies to Support Software in Europe“, Info: The journal of policy, regulation and strategy, Vol. 12, No. 6, 2010, pp. 40 – 55.

Privacy and Trust in the Ubiquitous Information Society

The overall objective of the study was to provide information helping to develop and assess policy options on EU level in order to address existing or emerging challenges to effective data protection, privacy and trust resulting from the development towards the ubiquitous information society. The study provides information on the following aspects:

  • Overview and analysis of existing research and publications on possible effects of more ambient ICT use on privacy and trust,
  • Identification of challenges for privacy and data protection and for trust and confidence,
  • Description and assessment of possible responses,
  • Options for a policy response on EU level,

The study provides input for the development of a set of EU level measures responding to the challenges raised with respect to privacy and trust in the ubiquitous information society, based on an assessment of all available instruments: social dialogue, fostering technical development, international cooperation and ensuring a regulatory framework enabling citizens, businesses and public entities to achieve the maximum of the potential benefits.

Status

Completed project (01/2008 – 12/2008)

Client

European Commission, DG Information Society and Media, Unit B1

Partners

  • Trilateral Research and Consulting London, UK
  • Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich, CH
  • Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Research group on Law Science Technology & Society, BE

Publications

Official Deliverables

Friedewald, Michael, David Wright, Serge Gutwirth, Paul De Hert, Marc Langheinrich, Antje Dietrich, Andreas Salzmann, Anna Moscibroda, Gloria González Fuster, Katja Devries, Wim Schreurs, and Niels Van Dijk, „Privacy and Trust in the Ubiquitous Information Society: An annotated bibliography re privacy, trust and the Ubiquitous Information Society“, Inception Report (Deliverable 1) Fraunhofer ISI, Karlsruhe, 2008.

Friedewald, Michael, David Wright, Serge Gutwirth, Paul De Hert, Marc Langheinrich, Timo Leimbach, Gloria González Fuster, and Ion Iulia, „Privacy and Trust in the Ubiquitous Information Society: Analysis of the impact of convergent and pervasive ICT on privacy and data protection and needs and options for development of the legal framework“, Final Report for the European Commission Fraunhofer ISI, Karlsruhe, 2009. https://bookshop.europa.eu/en/privacy-and-trust-in-the-ubiquitous-information-society-pbKK0414601/

Articles

Wright, David, Serge Gutwirth, Michael Friedewald, Paul De Hert, Marc Langheinrich, and Anna Moscibroda, „Privacy, Trust and Policy-Making: Challenges and Responses“, Computer Law & Security Report, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2009, pp. 69-83.

 

European Perspectives on the Creative Content Sector EPIS06

In addressing the need expressed by DG INFSO over a foresight-based intelligence building, IPTS proposed researching European Perspectives on the Information Society (EPIS). The aim of this multi-project activity is to develop a foresight exercise investigating the potential evolution of technology, innovation and business with a focus on ICT and identifying potential disruptions for the coming decade.

EPIS will attempt to provide a prospective view on the potential evolution of technologies and applications in relation to ICT. It will achieve this by assessing future technological trends and challenges relevant to ICT in this area, both from the supply and demand side and at technological and market/application levels. The project will also focus on potential disruptions in this area. It will aim at highlighting hot issues, identifying fast emerging, important technological and business topics in order to draw the attention of policy makers on unexpected trends and major changes, which may happen in the coming years.   Besides its view on the general development of ICT, EPIS is focusing on certain thematic sectors. For the first year of EPIS the creative content sector has been chosen as the focal theme of investigation.

The EPIS study is structured into the following main tasks: (1) Developing an observatory of trends in technology and business evolutions of ICT, (2) running European foresight exercises on the Creative Content sector and (3) to derive policy-oriented recommendations for DG INFSO / IST Advisory Group.

Status

Completed project (11/2006-01/2008)

Client

European Commission, Joint Research Centers, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS)

Partners

  • ARC system research GmbH
  • AT Research Center Karlsruhe
  • Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis DE University of Sussex
  • Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU), UK

Publication

Official deliverables

  • Friedewald, Michael, Jürgen  von Oertzen, and Kerstin Cuhls, „European Perspectives on the Information Society: Delphi Report“, EPIS Deliverable 2.3.1, European Techno-Economic Policy Support Network (ETEPS), 2007. http://epis.jrc.es/documents/Deliverables/EPIS%202-3-1%20Delphi%20Report.pdf
  • Dachs, Bernhard, and K. Matthias Weber, „ICT and the Offshoring of Services“, in Ioannis Maghiros, Fabienne Abadie, and Corina Pascu (eds.), European Perspectives on the Information Society: Annual Monitoring Synthesis and Emerging Trend Updates, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2008, pp. 193-236.
  • Friedewald, Michael, Clemens Cremer, and K. Matthias Weber, „The Role of ICTs as Enabler for Energy Efficiency“, in Ioannis Maghiros, Fabienne Abadie, and Corina Pascu (eds.), European Perspectives on the Information Society: Annual Monitoring Synthesis and Emerging Trend Updates, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2008, pp. 237-267.
  • Friedewald, Michael, Ralf Lindner, and K. Matthias Weber, „ICT tools and services in intelligent domestic and personal environments“, in Ioannis Maghiros, Fabienne Abadie, and Corina Pascu (eds.), European Perspectives on the Information Society: Annual Monitoring Synthesis and Emerging Trend Updates, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2008, pp. 269-297.
  • Maghiros, Ioannis, Fabienne Abadie, and Corina Pascu (eds.), European Perspectives on the Information Society: Annual Monitoring Synthesis and Emerging Trend Updates, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2008.
  • Mateos-Garcia, Juan, Aldo Geuna, and W. Edward Steinmueller, „The State of The Art of The Creative Content Industries in Europe“, EPIS Deliverable 2.2.1, European Techno-Economic Policy Support Network (ETEPS), 2007. http://epis.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
  • Mateos-Garcia, Juan, Aldo Geuna, W. Edward Steinmueller, and Georgina S. Voss, „Market Demand Issues and their Impact on ICT innovation in the European Creative Content Sector“, EPIS Deliverable 2.2.3, European Techno-Economic Policy Support Network (ETEPS), 2007. http://epis.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
  • Mateos-Garcia, Juan, W. Edward Steinmueller, and Aldo Geuna, „The Impact of ICT Innovations on the Future of the European Creative Content Sector“, EPIS Deliverable 2.2.2, European Techno-Economic Policy Support Network (ETEPS), 2007. http://epis.jrc.ec.europa.eu
  • Friedewald, Michael, Matthias Weber, Juan Mateos-Garcia, Aldo Geuna, W. Edward Steinmueller, Michael Rader, Knud Böhle, Gill Ringland, Jan Bierhoff, Ioannis Maghiros, Fabienne Abadie, and Corina Pascu, „The Creative Content Sector:  Scenarios for the future & policy implications“, Unpublished EPIS Deliverable 2.4, European Commission, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies, Seville, 2008.

Articles

  • Abadie, Fabienne, Michael Friedewald, and K. Matthias Weber, „Adaptive Foresight in the Creative Content Industries: Anticipating Value Chain Transformations and Need for Policy Action“, in Xabier Goenaga Beldarrain, Paul Desruelle, Timo-Topias Totti Könnölä, Cristiano Cagnin, and Karel Hagemann (eds.), The 3rd International Seville Conference on Future-Oriented Technology Analysis. Impacts and Implications for Policy and Decision Making. Book of Abstracts, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2008, pp. 145-146.
  • Abadie, Fabienne, Michael Friedewald, and K. Matthias Weber, „Adaptive foresight in the creative content industries: anticipating value chain transformations and need for policy action“, Science and public policy, Vol. 37, No. 1, 2010, pp. 19-30.

Study on the Trends in European Public and Private Investments in ICT R&D and on the Globalisation of R&D and the Competitiveness of the European Innovation System in ICT (REDICT)

The study contributes to the growing debate around key points of European ICT policy-making among which:

  • Which are the main policies and instruments used by the member states to attract foreign and retain domestic R&D activities in ICT industries?
  • Which of those policies and instruments resulted in a visible improvement of the capacity of national innovative systems to benefit from the development of global research networks?
  • How are the European resources in ICT R&D distributed and what are the main factors shaping the European profile in this respect?

The study aims at deepening the existing understanding of the R&D capacities building processes in ICT sectors, and on the relative competitive advantage for the location of these capacities at the regional, national and European levels. The study provides a significant basis for the ongoing and future discussions about the economic impact of the ICT sector both within the political debate in the different EU countries and on the level of EU politics itself.

As a part of the implementation of the Lisbon policy goals, and given the particular role of the ICT industries in the wider context of globalisation of R&D activities, DG INFSO expressed a need for a documented overview of the developments of R&D in ICT in the 25 EU member states and in Europe as a whole. At present, no systematic survey exists with regard to R&D in ICT investments. The study aims at contribution to these open questions.

Status

Finished project (12/2005 – 12/2007)

Client

European Commission, Joint Research Centers, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS)

Partners

  • Fraunhofer ISI (co-ordinator)
  • ARC system research GmbH, AT
  • Hungarian Academy of Sciences IE/HAS, HU
  • TNO Innovation Policy Group, NL

Publications

 

Exploration of a thematic extension of the ERAWATCH Base-load Research Inventory

The specific objective of this programme is the development of a suitable design and method for expanding the ERAWATCH base-load Research Inventory with regard to thematic R&D policies and initiatives. The exploration contributed to test and develop a method in order for the base-load to display information on thematic R&D policies. – collecting information and putting it in templates. Each country filled in the templates and identified the main encountered problems. Two syntheses were produced respectively on energy policies and on nanotechnologies policies. These syntheses helped to provide a method for producing transversal analysis amongst countries. A final report presented the proposed design and method for collecting national information on specific thematic fields.

Status

Completed project (07/2006-06/2007)

Client

European Commission, Joint Research Centers, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS)

Partners

  • Technopolis, FR;
  • Fraunhofer ISI, DE
  • NIFU-STEP, NO;
  • CASE, PL;
  • ECO Energy, IL

Nanowissenschaften und Nanotechnologien in Österreich: Eine Fakten- und Potenzialanalyse im internationalen Vergleich

Ziel des Projekts ist die Erstellung einer Fakten- und Potenzialanalyse von NANO in Österreich im internationalen Vergleich.

Die Konzeption der angebotenen Studie geht von der Hypothese aus, dass sich Innovationen nicht in Isolation vollziehen. Vielmehr ist die effektive Interaktion von Unternehmen und anderen Akteuren eines Innovationssystems (anderen Unternehmen, Universitäten, außeruniversitären Forschungseinrichtungen, Behörden, Finanzierungsinstitutionen usw.) ein wesentlicher Erfolgsfaktor für Innovationen. Bei dieser Betrachtungsweise ist es wesentlich, Innovationsprozesse in ihrem sozioökonomischen Gesamtkontext unter Einbeziehung der Endnutzer zu betrachten. Die Studie macht die wesentlichen Akteure und Interaktionen innerhalb des Innovationssystems erfassbar und bietet so ein belastbares Gesamtbild der österreichischen Situation, das gleichzeitig die Grundlage für eine internationale Positionierung bildet. Die Analyse erfolgt in zwei Schritten

  • Erstellung einer Sachbestands- und Faktenanalyse zu NANO in Österreich Für die Analyse des wissenschaftlichen und wirtschaftlichen Potenzials der Nanotechnologie werden quantitative und qualitative Indikatoren ermittelt, die eine Beschreibung der Ist-Situation in Österreich sowie einen internationalen Vergleich ermöglicht. Die Entwicklungstrends der Nanotechnologie werden durch die Sekundäranalyse von Trend- und Foresightstudien ermittelt und mit der Ist-Situation verglichen. Als Ergebnis lassen sich (erste) Stärken und Schwächen des österreichischen Nano-Innovationssystems ableiten.
  • Positionierung Österreichs in den Nanowissenschaften und der Nanotechnologie im internationalen Vergleich Im zweiten Teil der Studie werden Kriterien entwickelt, die eine Bewertung der österreichischen Positionierung im internationalen Vergleich ermöglichen. Dabei sollen sowohl die wichtigsten internationalen Player als auch in Bezug auf Größe und Relevanz mit Österreich vergleichbare Länder betrachtet werden. Die in diesem und in Arbeitsschritt (1) erhobenen und analysierten Indikatoren sollen weitestgehend übereinstimmen.

Auf Basis der Ergebnisse von (1) und (2) werden Empfehlungen zur vertiefenden Analyse wesentlicher Fragestellungen, zur künftigen Schwerpunktsetzung und strategischen Ausrichtung der Nanoinitiative abgeleitet.

Status

Abgeschlossenes Projekt (2005)

Auftraggeber

Österreichische Forschungsförderungsgesellschaft (FFG) für das Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Innovation und Technologie (BMVIT), das Bundesministerium für Bildung, Wissenschaft und Kultur (BMBWK) und das Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Arbeit (BMWA), Wien

Publikationen

Friedewald, Michael, Nils Roloff, Thomas Heinze, Icíar Dominguez-Lacasa, Thomas Reiss, and Rebecca Rangnow, „Nanowissenschaften und Nanotechnologien in Österreich – Eine Fakten- und Potenzialanalyse im internationalen Vergleich“, Abschlussbericht an die Österreichische Forschungsförderungsgesellschaft mbH (FFG) Fraunhofer ISI, Karlsruhe, 2006.

Energy Scientific & Technological Indicators and References (ESTIR)

Background

Energy Technology Indicators are a useful tool to policy drivers, programme managers, investors, decision makers, bankers and technology end-users in order to monitor the status of research and technological development and industrial evolution. They can especially help the European Commission and individual Member States to analyse the technological development and to adopt relevant research programmes accordingly.

The European Commission is wishing to develop further their system of Energy Scientific & Technological Indicators and References (ESTIR). These indicators have been developed by the Commission with the following objectives: they should

  • record and help to analyse changes in the evolution of key emerging technologies to reach sustainable development in the energy field;
  • monitor related changes in science, industry and markets;
  • help the European Commission and individual Member States to define realistic targets on objectives for future R&D activities.

Such indicators and data are a useful tool to policy drivers, decision makers, programme managers, potential investors, bankers, technology end-users etc.

The indicators are, on one hand, technology-specific indicators that analyse and document the state-of-the-art of the technological advancements in a specific technology area. On the other hand they describe the market penetration and the preparedness of the market to further carry on the emerging technologies. In particular they should describe barriers and bottlenecks relevant for the technologies and indicators to further progress to overcome these barriers.

The scientific and technological indicators to be developed under this call for tender are based on the earlier ESTIR project. [1] However, the current project goes beyond the assessments done in the former analysis. In particular the indicators developed concentrate on the assessment and analysis of progress in the technical and socio-economic area concerned by

  • identifying the major relevant issues and/or critical factors which best describe technical and economic bottlenecks to be overcome or the main challenges to be addressed for each technology in its future development
  • proposing and justifying appropriate quantitative or qualitative criteria, parameters or indicators describing the state of the art and future technical development at various time horizons (5 years – short-term; 5-10 years – medium-term, > 15 years – long-term).

Status

Completed project (2004-2005)

Client

  • European Commission, DG RTD

Partners

  • Fraunhofer ISI
  • Ecofys
  • ISET
  • REC

Publications

  • Ragwitz, Mario, Wolfgang Eichhammer, Ulrike Hasenauer, Martin Wietschel, Sibylle Gaisser, Michael Friedewald, Felipe Toro, Chris Hendriks, Adriaan Kil, Rogier Coenraads, Berry Meulemann, Carlo Hamelinck, Michael Durstewitz, Alexander Badelin, Jochen Bard, Márton Herczeg, and Peter Bodo, Energy Scientific and Technological Indicators and References,EUR 21611, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2005.